Barriers and Facilitators to the Use of Clinical Decision Support Systems in

Barriers and Facilitators to the Use of Clinical Decision Support Systems in Primary Care: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review

Pierre-Yves Meunier, Camille Raynaud, Emmanuelle Guimaraes, François Gueyffier, Laurent Letrilliart

Ann Fam Med. 2023 Jan-Feb;21(1):57-69. Free PMC article

Purpose: To identify and quantify the barriers and facilitators to the use of clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) by primary care professionals (PCPs).

Methods: A mixed-methods systematic review was conducted using a sequential synthesis design. PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycInfo, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane library were searched in July 2021. Studies that evaluated CDSSs providing recommendations to PCPs and intended for use during a consultation were included. We excluded CDSSs used only by patients, described as concepts or prototypes, used with simulated cases, and decision supports not considered as CDSSs. A framework synthesis was performed according to the HOT-fit framework (Human, Organizational, Technology, Net Benefits), then a quantitative synthesis evaluated the impact of the HOT-fit categories on CDSS use.

Results: A total of 48 studies evaluating 45 CDSSs were included, and 186 main barriers or facilitators were identified. Qualitatively, barriers and facilitators were classified as human (eg, perceived usefulness), organizational (eg, disruption of usual workflow), and technological (eg, CDSS user-friendliness), with explanatory elements. The greatest barrier to using CDSSs was an increased workload. Quantitatively, the human and organizational factors had negative impacts on CDSS use, whereas the technological factor had a neutral impact and the net benefits dimension a positive impact.

Conclusions: Our findings emphasize the need for CDSS developers to better address human and organizational issues, in addition to technological challenges. We inferred core CDSS features covering these 3 factors, expected to improve their usability in primary care.


PMID: 36690490  PMCID: PMC9870646  DOI: 10.1370/afm.2908

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