Motivational interviewing to support medication adherence in older patients: Bar

Motivational interviewing to support medication adherence in older patients: Barriers and facilitators for implementing in hospital setting according to healthcare professionals

Temedda MN, Haesebaert J, Viprey M, Schott AM, Dima AL, Papus M, Schneider MP, Novais T.

Patient Educ Couns. 2024 Mar 15;124:108253. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2024.108253.

PMID: 38507931

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand through Healthcare professionals' (HCPs) opinions the barriers and facilitators to implement MI in older hospitalized patients.

Methods: A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was performed among 23 HCPs involved in the medication management of older hospitalized patients (geriatricians, nurses, psychologists and pharmacists). A thematic analysis was conducted using a deductive approach through the Theoretical Domain Framework (TDF), and an inductive approach.

Results: The thematic analysis reported 25 factors influencing MI implementation, mapped into 8 TDF themes, and including 13 facilitators, 8 barriers, and 4 both. The main factors identified were: 'cognitive and sensory disorders' (barrier), 'having dedicated time and HCPs' (facilitator and barrier), and the 'HCP's awareness about MI' (facilitator). Ten factors were identified as specific to the older population.

Conclusions: Implementing MI in a hospital setting with older patients presented both barriers and facilitators.

Practice implications: To ensure successful MI implementation, it is important to take into account the older patients' context, the hospital environment, and the HCPs-related factors.

Keywords: Barriers; Facilitators; Hospital setting; Implementation; Medication adherence; Motivational interviewing; Older patients.

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